IEEE Student Chapter

Friends…!!  Here is an exciting news for you.  We are starting a student IEEE chapter in our college for our branch .Now for those people who still are confused about all the IEEE and stuff, let us explain you in short.
IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers) is basically an international professional organization. IEEE produces 30 percent of the world's literature in the electrical and electronics engineering and computer science fields, publishing well over 100 peer-reviewed journals.
The content in these journals as well as the content from several hundred annual conferences are available in the IEEE's online digital library. These contents can be accessed by students by becoming an IEEE member.  There are several membership grades in IEEE student membership being one of them and is available with reduced membership fees. So be an IEEE member and be accessible to all the latest journals and be updated with your knowledge.


This is to inform that the Management and the Principal has kindly granted permission to start an IEEE student branch in our institute. A minimum of 25 student members are required to activate the student branch.
In view of this, the students are encouraged to avail this opportunity and become student members of IEEE. The annual membership charges for each student are U.S. $27. The students have to pay the above mentioned amount online through a credit card.
Students Willing to be a part Please Contact : IEEE Student Chapter JBIET

Here are some links for you to know more about IEEE:

Microsoft Windows Keyboard Shortcuts

You might know most of these shortcuts, but probably not all of them. If you have more keyboard shortcuts, please let me know:

* CTRL+C (Copy)
* CTRL+X (Cut)
* CTRL+V (Paste)
* CTRL+Z (Undo)
* DELETE (Delete)
* SHIFT+DELETE (Delete the selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin)
* CTRL while dragging an item (Copy the selected item)
* CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an item (Create a shortcut to the selected item)
* F2 key (Rename the selected item)
* CTRL+RIGHT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word)
* CTRL+LEFT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word)
* CTRL+DOWN ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph)
* CTRL+UP ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph)
* CTRL+SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Highlight a block of text)
* SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text in a document)
* CTRL+A (Select all)
* F3 key (Search for a file or a folder)
* ALT+ENTER (View the properties for the selected item)
* ALT+F4 (Close the active item, or quit the active program)
* ALT+ENTER (Display the properties of the selected object)
* ALT+SPACEBAR (Open the shortcut menu for the active window)
* CTRL+F4 (Close the active document in programs that enable you to have multiple documents open simultaneously)
* ALT+TAB (Switch between the open items)
* ALT+ESC (Cycle through items in the order that they had been opened)
* F6 key (Cycle through the screen elements in a window or on the desktop)
* F4 key (Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer)
* SHIFT+F10 (Display the shortcut menu for the selected item)
* ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the System menu for the active window)
* CTRL+ESC (Display the Start menu)
* ALT+Underlined letter in a menu name (Display the corresponding menu)
* Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu (Perform the corresponding command)
* F10 key (Activate the menu bar in the active program)
* RIGHT ARROW (Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu)
* LEFT ARROW (Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu)
* F5 key (Update the active window)
* BACKSPACE (View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer)
* ESC (Cancel the current task)
* SHIFT when you insert a CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive (Prevent the CD-ROM from automatically playing)

Dialog Box Keyboard Shortcuts

* CTRL+TAB (Move forward through the tabs)
* CTRL+SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the tabs)
* TAB (Move forward through the options)
* SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the options)
* ALT+Underlined letter (Perform the corresponding command or select the corresponding option)
* ENTER (Perform the command for the active option or button)
* SPACEBAR (Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box)
* Arrow keys (Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons)
* F1 key (Display Help)
* F4 key (Display the items in the active list)
* BACKSPACE (Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box)

Microsoft Natural Keyboard Shortcuts

* Windows Logo (Display or hide the Start menu)
* Windows Logo+BREAK (Display the System Properties dialog box)
* Windows Logo+D (Display the desktop)
* Windows Logo+M (Minimize all of the windows)
* Windows Logo+SHIFT+M (Restore the minimized windows)
* Windows Logo+E (Open My Computer)
* Windows Logo+F (Search for a file or a folder)
* CTRL+Windows Logo+F (Search for computers)
* Windows Logo+F1 (Display Windows Help)
* Windows Logo+ L (Lock the keyboard)
* Windows Logo+R (Open the Run dialog box)
* Windows Logo+U (Open Utility Manager)

Accessibility Keyboard Shortcuts

* Right SHIFT for eight seconds (Switch FilterKeys either on or off)
* Left ALT+left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN (Switch High Contrast either on or off)
* Left ALT+left SHIFT+NUM LOCK (Switch the MouseKeys either on or off)
* SHIFT five times (Switch the StickyKeys either on or off)
* NUM LOCK for five seconds (Switch the ToggleKeys either on or off)
* Windows Logo +U (Open Utility Manager)

Windows Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts

* END (Display the bottom of the active window)
* HOME (Display the top of the active window)
* NUM LOCK+Asterisk sign (*) (Display all of the subfolders that are under the selected folder)
* NUM LOCK+Plus sign (+) (Display the contents of the selected folder)
* NUM LOCK+Minus sign (-) (Collapse the selected folder)
* LEFT ARROW (Collapse the current selection if it is expanded, or select the parent folder)
* RIGHT ARROW (Display the current selection if it is collapsed, or select the first subfolder)
Shortcut Keys For Character Map

* After you double-click a character on the grid of characters, you can move through the grid by using the keyboard shortcuts:
* RIGHT ARROW (Move to the right or to the beginning of the next line)
* LEFT ARROW (Move to the left or to the end of the previous line)
* UP ARROW (Move up one row)
* DOWN ARROW (Move down one row)
* PAGE UP (Move up one screen at a time)
* PAGE DOWN (Move down one screen at a time)
* HOME (Move to the beginning of the line)
* END (Move to the end of the line)
* CTRL+HOME (Move to the first character)
* CTRL+END (Move to the last character)
* SPACEBAR (Switch between Enlarged and Nor mal mode when a character is selected)

Microsoft Management Console (MMC) Main Window Keyboard Shortcuts

* CTRL+O (Open a saved console)
* CTRL+N (Open a new console)
* CTRL+S (Save the open console)
* CTRL+M (Add or remove a console item)
* CTRL+W (Open a new window)
* F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)
* ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the MMC window menu)
* ALT+F4 (Close the console)
* ALT+A (Display the Action menu)
* ALT+V (Display the View menu)
* ALT+F (Display the File menu)
* ALT+O (Display the Favorites menu)

MMC Console Window Keyboard Shortcuts

* CTRL+P (Print the current page or active pane)
* ALT+Minus sign (-) (Display the window menu for the active console window)
* SHIFT+F10 (Display the Action shortcut menu for the selected item)
* F1 key (Open the Help topic, if any, for the selected item)
* F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)
* CTRL+F10 (Maximize the active console window)
* CTRL+F5 (Restore the active console window)
* ALT+ENTER (Display the Properties dialog box, if any, for the selected item)
* F2 key (Rename the selected item)
* CTRL+F4 (Close the active console window. When a console has only one console window, this shortcut closes the console)

Remote Desktop Connection Navigation

* CTRL+ALT+END (Open the m*cro$oft Windows NT Security dialog box)
* ALT+PAGE UP (Switch between programs from left to right)
* ALT+PAGE DOWN (Switch between programs from right to left)
* ALT+INSERT (Cycle through the programs in most recently used order)
* ALT+HOME (Display the Start menu)
* CTRL+ALT+BREAK (Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen)
* ALT+DELETE (Display the Windows menu)
* CTRL+ALT+Minus sign (-) (Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)
* CTRL+ALT+Plus sign (+) (Place a snapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing ALT+PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)

Internet Explorer Navigation

* CTRL+B (Open the Organize Favorites dialog box)
* CTRL+E (Open the Search bar)
* CTRL+F (Start the Find utility)
* CTRL+H (Open the History bar)
* CTRL+I (Open the Favorites bar)
* CTRL+L (Open the Open dialog box)
* CTRL+N (Start another instance of the browser with the same Web address)
* CTRL+O (Open the Open dialog box, the same as CTRL+L)
* CTRL+P (Open the Print dialog box)
* CTRL+R (Update the current Web page)
* CTRL+W (Close the current window


WiMAX means Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access. It is a telecommunications technology that provides the wireless transmission of data using a variety of transmission modes, from point to multi point links to portable and fully mobile internet access. The technology provides up to 3mbps broadband speed without the need of cables. The technology based on the IEEE 802.16 standard. The name WiMAX was given by the WiMAX forum, which was formed in June 2001 to promote conformity and interoperability of the standard .It describes WiMAX as “a standards based technology enabling the delivery of last mile wireless broad band access as an alternative to cable and DSL”
WiMAX will provide fixed, nomadic, portable and mobile wireless broadband connectivity without the need for direct line of sight for the base station. In a typical cell radius deployment of 3 to 10 km. WiMAX is the real wireless architecture by which wireless range can be extended to 50 km (approx) when compared with Wi-Fi 91 meters and Bluetooth’s 9 meters.
A WiMAX system consists of two parts:
  1. A WiMAX tower, similar to a cell phone tower –A single WiMAX tower can provide coverage to a very large area as big as 3000 square miles.
  2. A WiMAX receiver, this could be a small box or a PCMCIA card or they could be built into a laptop the way Wi-Fi access today.
A WiMAX tower station can connect directly to the internet using a high bandwidth, wired connection. It can also connect to another WiMAX tower using a line-of-sight, microwave link. This connection to second tower, along with the ability of a single tower to cover up 3000 square miles, is what allows WiMAX to provide coverage to remote rural areas.
wimax-diagram Alv_WiMAX1
This points out that WiMAX provides two forms of wireless communication i.e. non line of sight, Wi-Fi sort of service and line of sight service, where a fixed antenna points straight at WiMAX tower from roof top or pole.
WiMAX operates on the same general principals as Wi-Fi. It sends data from one computer to another via radio signals. A computer equipped with WiMAX would receive data from WiMAX transmission station, probably using encrypted data keys to prevent unauthorized users from stealing access.
The fastest Wi-Fi connection can transmit up to 54 Megabits per second at optimum conditions. WiMAX should be able to handle up to 70 mega bits per second. The biggest difference isn’t the speed; its distance .WiMAX outdistances Wi-Fi by miles. Wi-Fi’s range is about 100 feet (30 meters), where as WiMAX will cover an area of 30 miles (50Km) with wireless access.
Hence WiMAX can potentially erase the suburban and rural blackout areas that currently have no broadband internet access as phone and cable companies have not yet run the necessary wires to those remote locations.


The Astronomers of NASA have just revealed that the coldest spot in the universe is on our Moon. NASA’s new Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter is making the first temperature map of the moon. It found that at the moon’s South Pole, it’s colder than the far away Pluto.
The area is permanently shadowed and receives no Sun light. 
"Diviner has recorded minimum daytime brightness temperatures in portions of these craters of less than -397 degrees Fahrenheit," said David Paige, Diviner's principal investigator and a UCLA professor of planetary science. 
“What matters here is not the distance from the sun but the amount of radiation received by that particular spot and it’s no surprise that we may record even colder temperatures at the poles of Mercury “.says Alan Boss, of the Carnegie Institution in Washington, D.C. 
1.High resolution thermal map of south Pole of the moon 2.Day time(left) and Night time temperatures in Kelvin recorded by the Diviner instrument on NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter
The three craters where coldest temperatures where measured were Faustini, Shoe-maker and Harworth .This ultracold temperatures play a very important role in trapping volatile chemicals such as water, methane etc, and these trapped volatile chemicals would give any future astronauts resources to mine and could help scientists to understand more about the origin of the Solar System.
                                                                       --Ratna Deep

GRE Old vs New 2011 Pattern, Comparison of Verbal, Quant, AWA & Samples

                     I have recently written an article explaining 10 things to know about New GRE Pattern 2011 . On the same lines, let me try to do a side by side comparison of both the patterns New 2011 and Old GRE. It gives a bigger picture and birds view…The comparison also includes the links to GRE Test questions and material released by ETS for 2011 pattern recently.

GRE Verbal Section Old vs New Pattern

New GRE Pattern 2011
Current/Old GRE Pattern
Scores Range130  —170200  — 800
Types of Questions
  • Text completion Questions
  • Sentence Equivalence Questions
  • Reading Comprehension Questions.
  • NO Antonyms
  • NO Analogies
  • Analogies
  • Antonyms
  • Sentence Completions
  • Reading Comprehension
Sample questionsGRE Verbal New Pattern 2011GRE Verbal Old/Current Pattern
Score Increments1 Point increments10 point increments
Sections2 Sections1 section
Question per sectionApproximately 20Exactly 30
Time Allocated30 Minute Per section, total will be 60 Minutes30 Minutes

GRE Quantitative Reasoning Section Old vs New Pattern

New GRE Pattern 2011
Current/Old GRE Pattern
Scores Range130  —170200  — 800
Types of Questions
  • Multiple Choice questions
    - Select One answer Choice
    -Select One or more answer choices
  • Numeric Entry questions
  • Quantitative comparison Questions
  • Quantitative Comparison
  • Problem Solving
  • Data Interpretation
Sample questionsGRE Quant Reasoning 2011GRE Quant Old/Current Pattern
Score Increments1 Point increments10 point increments
Sections2 Sections1 section
Question per sectionApproximately 20Exactly 28
Time Allocated35 Minute Per section, total will be 70  Minutes45 Minutes

GRE Analytical Writing Section Old vs New Pattern

New GRE Pattern 2011
Current/Old GRE Pattern
Scores Range0—60—6
Types of Questions2 Questions2 Questions
Score Increments0.50.5
SectionsOne SectionNo Section Concept
Question2 Questions or Tasks
- One Analyze and issue task
-One Analyze an Argument Task
2 Questions or Tasks
-One Issue task – Choose from two
-1 Argument task- No choice.
Sample QuestionsAnalytical Writing GRE 2011Analytical Writing GRE Old/Current
Time Allocated
  • 30 Minutes per task
  • Total 60 minutes for two tasks or questions
  • 45 minutes for Issue task
  • 30 minutes for Argument task
  • An unidentified Unscored section is same in both old or current and the new GRE pattern. This section may be included or may not be, it depends…if included, it will not counted towards part of your score
  • An identified Research section is also the same case, it will be at the end of the test in both new and old/current GRE.

Students Corner


With the World Cup less than a month away, there could be two ways to look at India's disastrous batting in the ODIs series against South Africa. One, look at it in absolute terms - in which case, India's top order without Tendulkar, Sehwag and Gambhir was a train-wreck.

Murali Vijay made 18 runs in three innings, and in five innings each Rohit Sharma 49 runs, Yuvraj Singh 91, Suresh Raina 111 and captain MS Dhoni 75. There were bright spots in Yusuf Pathan and Virat Kohli, but this isn't enough.

With that unbelievable hundred in Centurion, Yusuf looks like the man whose time has come.And if that is so, he should no longer be pushed down to No. 7 while an off-colour Yuvraj continues to bat higher up. The lessons of the 2007 World Cup have been forgotten; India still judge players by their reputation rather than form.

Let's not kid ourselves with Yuvraj's bowling, or even Harbhajan Singh's batting. Yuvraj needs to score runs, Harbhajan needs to strike out batsmen. Anything else they achieve is a bonus. But if they can't complete their primary functions, they're doing a disservice to the team.

In this bowler-friendly series, Yuvraj managed more wickets at a better average than Harbhajan, who continues to be seen as India's No. 1 spinner. A recent TV commercial shows him patenting the doosra. Funnily, it's hard to remember the last time he took a wicket with or even bowled a doosra in an international match.

India still won two games this series because their tail-enders kept their head in Cape Town and South Africa's lost theirs in Jo'burg. Beyond these delicately balanced games, South Africa's pacers dominated India.

Tactical blunders

Even as his batting form deserts him, Dhoni has been often weak tactically. In the Port Elizabeth ODI which South Africa won, Dhoni allowed JP Duminy and of all people, Johan Botha, easy singles. This is how India bungled their chance to win both the Test and the ODI series in South Africa.

Earlier on this tour in the Cape Town Test, an injured Jacques Kallis came out to bat with India sniffing a historic win. With his injured side, Kallis started reverse-sweeping the spinners. Instead of letting Kallis continue with this risky stroke, Dhoni responded by placing a deep third-man. For an off-spinner.

Some decades are expected to pass before such a field is set again by a team in a winning position. There's a reason why Zaheer Khan is considered India's bowling captain. It's because Dhoni has rarely shown he's a bowler-friendly captain, who can build the sort of pressure which cause batsmen to self-destruct.

Duminy hit just two fours and a late six in his innings of 72. He was never pressured to attack since singles were served on a platter. At Yahoo! Cricket, we've cried ourselves hoarse about Dhoni's annoying tendency to allow easy singles to the opposition.

There was a time when Bishen Singh Bedi used to applaud the batsmen after being hit for sixes, encouraging them to go for more. These are different times. The Indian captain straightaway puts out boundary riders in the middle overs. It doesn't matter if the score is 118-5 (like it was in PE) or 700-3. Take away fifty singles if you want, but do not take a boundary.

This, we might humbly suggest, is a flaw in Dhoni's captaincy. If batsmen want to score fours and sixes, they should be invited to take risks. By placing out-fielders right away, Dhoni allows batsmen to settle down easily - just as Duminy and Botha did.

To his credit, Dhoni showed marginal improvement in this series by placing catchers for spinners. But he didn't do it when it mattered most.

The glass half-full approach

There's a second, glass-half-full way to see this performance by India. It's going to be a batsman-friendly World Cup with flat wickets and fast outfields. The bowlers India will face from Bangladesh, Netherlands and Ireland won't be half as threatening as Steyn and Morkel, and India should reach the quarter-finals without any trouble.

There's also the theory of peaking at the right time at a World Cup, saving your best for your last. India's struggles in difficult conditions in South Africa may lead to an improved show at home.

So may be Tendulkar, Gambhir and Sehwag will stay injury-free and give India great starts. Perhaps Yuvraj will bat like he did some years ago and Harbhajan will take a bagful of wickets. Perhaps Dhoni will for once stop curbing his attacking instincts.

Or are we asking for too much?


Indian IT sector seems to have come back to its record-breaking hiring days, with a top industry player Infosys projecting up to 1.8 lakh employees being hired by the five largest companies alone this year.
"Growth is back and most companies are hiring in large numbers again. The top five companies are estimated to hire 1,60,000 to 1,80,000 new employees in the next 12 months," Infosys CEO Kris Gopalakrishnan said here.
Such large-scale hiring activities were last witnessed in 2007 by Indian IT companies, after which they had to cut back on hiring and even prune their existing headcount to cope up with the economic slowdown.
"In 2008, the industry saw growth coming down to single digit. Most IT companies stopped hiring employees and stopped expanding," Gopalakrishnan said at a discussion on ''sustainable Development Strategies'' organised by College of Architecture here last evening.
Gopalakrishnan said that the growth was now back in the sector and the companies were expanding their headcount.
He further said, "the IT industry has grown fast over the last 15 years. For example, the industry had about 1.50 lakh employees in 1993, around five lakh employees in 1999 and today, the industry employs around 2 million employees." The highest-ever hiring in the IT space was seen in 2007, when more than four lakh jobs were created in Indian IT space by all the companies together.
After that, the hiring fell to 2.5 lakh people in 2008 and further to 1.5 lakh in 2009 and then just above one lakh in 2010.
Industry estimates suggest that the overall hiring in India by all the IT companies together during 2011 could exceed or at least match the levels of 2007.
Besides Indian IT firms, global giants like IBM, Accenture and HP have also been hiring aggressively in the country in the past.
Gopalakrishnan said that multinational corporations were also looking to India to expand their markets and to create back office function and many of them are looking at Tier II and III cities to expand.
Emphasising the significance of infrastructure development in growth of these cities, he said an effective mechanism is essential to implement various development strategies.
"Industry bodies, relevant NGOs, civic bodies must all have a role to play. For example, industry bodies will be able to mobilise participation by experts. Industry will be able to provide project and programme management expertise. Civic leaders will be able to mobilise public opinion.
Thus I believe there is a higher chance of the initiatives getting implemented," Gopalakrishnan said.

Functions Of Clique

Organize Paper Presentations
We plan to conduct ppts monthly intra and inter collage, technical and non-technical. We would even help students make ppts if they are to present it in some other college.
Organize workshops:
Addressing sessions for students by guest lecturers
Internal addressing sessions for students by college faculty.
Project exhibitions
Technical mini-projects done by students would be displayed to the ECE student community.
We would conduct project competitions.
Paradise of Junk
We plan to hold competitions of create useful stuff from the waste.
Student seminars (by members)
We Clique members would volunteer to give seminars to our fellow ECE students periodically. 
Study tips/sessions for further study options etc…
Orientation sessions on GRE, CAT, GATE etc… from the students preparing for these exams to the ones who are about to decide their future academic career.
All our activities would be updated on the CLIQUE blog by our E-Department. The blog would be open to posts from all ECE students.
We’ll be issuing periodic magazines/newsletters for all students for information and communication.

Mock Interviews
We plan to organize mock interviews.
It’d be a electronic waste bin where we would collect the waste electronic junk from other students and try to reuse them or dispose them in an ethical way.
Quizzes on current and technical affairs.
Painting competition
Soft skill sessions
LAN gaming